MENINGITIS OUTBREAK IN NIGERIA – Situation Report April 3, 2017

Kelikume Oliseh

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) released a new report concerning the Meningitis outbreak up until April 3, 2017. We take a look at the numbers-

In our last post, we reported that the first case was in Aliero, Local Government Area (LGA) of Kebbi State on 19 January 2015 and the World Health Organization (WHO) was notified on 16 February 2015.

Kebbi had 11 deaths making it the fifth state with the highest number of deaths. If we take a look at the map below, we see how widespread the outbreak is occurring. Despite it being seasonal and should only occur in states close to the African Meningitis belt, we see a gradual movement to the west and deaths already occurring.

Source: http://ncdc.gov.ng/themes/common/files/sitreps/b017e73ee84cb677c2a7c278a945eabc.pdf

So far, 16 states have been affected.

This raises some questions-

  • Is our transport system a possible vector?
  • Is the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) functioning seeing that a vaccine dose goes for $50?
  • Are there possible unidentified cases especially in Bauchi and Kaduna seeing they are in the middle of affected states?
  • What are the chances of curbing the spread with present doses of vaccine exhausted?